General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES)
Description: The GSES is assessment of perceived self-efficacy.
Format: 10 items assessing a general belief in the own ability.
Scoring: Items are assessed on a 4-point scale ranging from 1 (not at all true) to 4 (exactly true). The responses are summed to form a total score, ranging from 10 to 40 points, with higher scores indicating higher self-efficacy.
Administration and Burden: Self-administered. Approximately 5 minutes.
Psychometrics for SCI: Unidimensionality (overall fit to the Rasch model: χ2 = 15.5, df = 20, p = .75). High reliability (rp = 0.92). No item bias by gender, age, education, and lesion levels. Ceiling effect. 
Language(s): English. Available in 32 languages.
QoL Concept: The GSES is assessment of perceived self-efficacy, which corresponds to Box E (subjective evaluations and reactions) of Dijker’s Model.
Permissions/Where to Obtain:
**CLICK ON THE LISTED SECONDARY HEALTH CONDITIONS ON THE RIGHT TO READ HOW THE GSES HAS BEEN USED WITH A PARTICULAR CONDITION**
- Peter, C, Cieza, A, Geyh, S. Rasch analysis of the General Self-Efficacy Scale in spinal cord injury. Journal of Health Psychology. 2014;19(4):544–555.