Life Orientation Test (LOT)
Description: A measure of optimism .
Format: 12 items in which respondents report their level of agreement using a 5-point Likert scale ranging form ‘strongly agree’ to ‘strongly disagree’.
Administration and Burden: Interviewer-administered; Self-administered. Approximately 5 minutes.
Psychometrics for SCI: Not available for SCI; For the general population, reported alpha coefficients have ranged between 0.63 and 0.76.
Languages: English, French, German, Spanish.
QoL Construct: The questionnaire measures general QoL, which corresponds to Box C (Achievements) and Box E (Subjective evaluations and reactions) of Dijker’s Model.
Permissions/Where to Obtain: Public Domain; A revised version of the LOT  can be obtained from Michael Scheier at http://www.psy.cmu.edu/people/scheier.html
**CLICK ON THE LISTED SECONDARY HEALTH CONDITIONS ON THE RIGHT TO READ HOW THE LOT HAS BEEN USED WITH A PARTICULAR CONDITION**
- Scheier MF, Carver CS. Dispositional optimism and physical well-being: the influence of generalized expectancies on health. J Pers 1987;55:169-210.
- Scheier MF, Carver C.S, Bridges MW. Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. J Pers Soc Psychol 1994;67:1063-78.