Quality of Life Concepts

Secondary Health Conditions

General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 20)

Description: A screening device for identifying minor psychiatric disorder [1].

Format: 20 items asking respondents to compare their current status with their normal situation.

Scoring: Answers are scored on a 4-point Likert-type scale ranging from 0 (less than usual) to 3 (much more than usual). Scores on the GHQ 20 can range from 0 to 60.

Administration and Burden: Self-administered.

Psychometrics for SCI: Not available.

Languages: Translated into various languages.

QoL Concept: The questionnaire measures subjective well-being, which corresponds to Box E (life satisfaction/subjective well-being) of Dijker’s Model.

Permissions/Where to Obtain: Copyrighted; The GHQ may be obtained (if for clinical use and/or not funded evaluations) and/or purchased at the MAPI Research Trust website at: http://www.mapi-trust.org/services/questionnairelicensing/cataloguequestionnaires/52-GHQ

References:

  1. General Health Questionnaire [GHQ], 12 Item version, 20 item version, 30 item version, 60 item version [GHQ 12, GHQ 20, GHQ 30, GHQ 60] (1972). Goldberg D. McDowell I, Newell C (1996). Measuring health: A guide to rating scales and questionnaires. (2nd ed.) New York: Oxford U Pr. Pg. 181, 225-236.

CLICK ON THE LISTED SECONDARY HEALTH CONDITIONS ON THE LEFT TO READ HOW THE GHQ 20 HAS BEEN USED WITH A PARTICULAR CONDITION


Pain SCI Studies: One cross-sectional survey.

  1. Wagner Anke AG, Stenehjem AE, Kvalvik Stangbelle J. Pain and life quality within 2  years of spinal cord injury. Paraplegia 1995;33:555-9.

Sensitivity to Impact: Wagner Anke and colleagues (1995) used the General Health Questionnaire 20 (GHQ 20) to examine pain and quality of life (QoL) within 2 years of spinal cord injury (SCI; N = 46). Scores on the GHQ 20 were pathological in nearly half of the patients with pain, indicating presence of psychological distress and lowered QoL. In addition, patients with pain had significantly higher psychological distress and lower life quality compared to patients without pain.

Suggestions for Use: Given the limited use of the GHQ 20 in studies with persons with SCI, further research should aim to establish its psychometric properties and clinical utility.

0 READER COMMENTS  [post comment]