Quality of Life Concepts

Secondary Health Conditions

Life Orientation Test (LOT)

Description: A measure of optimism [1].

Format: 12 items in which respondents report their level of agreement using a 5-point Likert scale ranging form ‘strongly agree’ to ‘strongly disagree’.

Administration and Burden: Interviewer-administered; Self-administered. Approximately 5 minutes.

Psychometrics for SCI: Not available for SCI; For the general population, reported alpha coefficients have ranged between 0.63 and 0.76.

Languages:  English, French, German, Spanish.

QoL Construct: The questionnaire measures general QoL, which corresponds to Box C (Achievements) and Box E (Subjective evaluations and reactions) of Dijker’s Model.

Permissions/Where to Obtain: Public Domain; A revised version of the LOT [2] can be obtained from Michael Scheier at http://www.psy.cmu.edu/people/scheier.html

References:

  1. Scheier MF, Carver CS. Dispositional optimism and physical well-being: the influence of generalized expectancies on health. J Pers 1987;55:169-210.

  2. Scheier MF, Carver C.S, Bridges MW. Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. J Pers Soc Psychol 1994;67:1063-78.

CLICK ON THE LISTED SECONDARY HEALTH CONDITIONS ON THE LEFT TO READ HOW THE LOT HAS BEEN USED WITH A PARTICULAR CONDITION

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