Quality of Life Concepts

Secondary Health Conditions

Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale

Description: A measure of internal versus external perceptions of personal control. Internal locus of control corresponds to a belief that one possesses power and control in directing one’s life, whereas external locus of control refers to an individual believing that their own life circumstances are influenced by external forces [1].

Format: 23 items, each presenting two statements: one presenting internal, and one external locus of control. Respondents must choose the statement with which they agree the most.

Scoring: Only external locus of control statements in each item are scored, if endorsed by the respondent. High scores therefore indicate an external locus of control.

Administration and Burden: Interviewer-administered; Self-administered. Approximately 5-10 minutes.

Psychometrics for SCI: Not Available;

Languages:  The scale has been translated into over 40 languages.  

QoL Construct: The questionnaire measures general QoL, which corresponds to Boxes C (achievements) and E (subjective evaluations and reactions) of Dijker’s Model.

Permissions/Where to Obtain: Public Domain; Rotter’s Internal-External Locus of Control Scale can be obtained from http://www.brandeis.edu/roybal/docs/Locus%20of%20Control_website.pdf

References:

  1. Rotter JB. Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychol Monogr 1966;80:1-28.

CLICK ON THE LISTED SECONDARY HEALTH CONDITIONS ON THE LEFT TO READ HOW THE ROTTER'S INTERNAL-EXTERNAL LOCUS OF CONTROL SCALE HAS BEEN USED WITH A PARTICULAR CONDITION

Page updated on May 1, 2017


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