Brief Pain Inventory (BPI)
Description: A measure of pain interference .
Format: 9 items in total: 7 items measuring interference with general activity, sleep, mood, relationships, walking (modified to mobility for spinal cord injury [SCI]), normal work, and enjoyment of life, 1 item asking a yes/no question about the experience of pain on that day, and 1 item where the respondent indicates the area in which the pain occurs.
Scoring: Scores are assigned on a scale from 0 (does not interfere) to 10 (completely interferes).
Administration and Burden: Interviewer-administered; Self-administered. Approximately 5 minutes.
Psychometrics for SCI: The BPI has excellent internal consistency and has been found to be valid for use in the SCI population .
Languages: The BPI has been translated into over 40 languages.
QoL Concept: The BPI measures Health Related Quality of Life (QoL) by assessing the impact of pain on activities, which corresponds to Boxes C (achievements) and E (subjective evaluations and reactions) of Dijker’s Model.
Permissions/Where to Obtain: Copyrighted; The BPI can be acquired by obtaining permission from Dr. Charles S. Cleeland at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Centre via email at: firstname.lastname@example.org
**CLICK ON THE LISTED SECONDARY HEALTH CONDITIONS ON THE RIGHT TO READ HOW THE BPI HAS BEEN USED WITH A PARTICULAR CONDITION**