Secondary Health Conditions
Secondary health conditions present challenges to health maintenance for people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Common secondary conditions associated with SCI include:
Bladder dysfunction (e.g., urinary tract infections)
Bone complications (e.g., fractures)
Bowel dysfunction (e.g., constipation)
Pain (neuropathic, musckuloskeletal, visceral)
|Given that persons with SCI now have comparable life-spans to that of the able-bodied (AB) population, they may also experience typical age-related and ‘normative’ health problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, fatigue, etc. As a result of these health problems, it is not surprising that people with SCI have greater rates of health care utilization and re-hospitalization compared to the AB population. In addition to the economic burden, secondary health conditions impact on the quality of life of individuals with SCI in multiple ways.|
SCI HEALTH RESOURCES
Spinal Cord Essentials – is a patient education initiative which aims help people through rehabilitation following SCI. Below are the downloadable PDFs of the SCI handouts.
Hitzig SL, Campbell KA, McGillivray CF, Boschen KA, Craven BC. Understanding Age Effects Associated with Changes in Secondary Health Conditions in a Canadian Spinal Cord Injury Cohort. Spinal Cord 2010;48:330-5.
Dryden DM, Saunders LD, Rowe BH, May LA, Yiannakoulias N, Svenson LW, Schopflocher DP, Voaklander DC. Utilization of Health Services Following Spinal Cord Injury: a 6-Year Follow-up Study. Spinal Cord 2004;42:513-25
Guilcher SJ, Munce SE, Couris CM, Fung K, Craven BC, Verrier M, Jaglal SB. Health care utilization in non-traumatic and traumatic spinal cord injury: a population-based study. Spinal Cord. 2010 Jan;48:45-50.
Jaglal SB, Munce SE, Guilcher SJ, Couris CM, Fung K, Craven BC, Verrier M. Health system factors associated with rehospitalizations after traumatic spinal cord injury: a population-based study. Spinal Cord. 2009;47:604-9.
Donnelly C, McColl MA, Charlifue S, Glass C, O’Brien P, Savic G, Smith K. Utilization, access and satisfaction with primary care among people with spinal cord injuries: a comparison of three countries. Spinal Cord 2007;45:25-36.