Description: The P-Scale is an assessment of social participation.
Format: 18 items assess perceived problems due to participation restriction in 8 areas (learning and applying knowledge, communication, mobility, self-care, domestic life, relationships, major life areas, community and social life).
Scoring: Items are rated on a 6-point scale ranging from 0 (no problem) to 5 (large problem). Scores are summed and ranked according to the following classification: < 13 = no restriction; 13-22 = Mild restriction; 23-33 = Moderate restriction; 34-53 = Severe restriction; > 53 = Extreme restriction.
Administration and Burden: Interviewer-administered. Approximately 5 to 10 minutes.
Psychometrics for SCI: Not available.
Language(s): Developed simultaneously in six languages in three countries . Now available in Amharic, Arabic, Bahasa Indonesia (Skala Partisipasi), Bangla, Bengali, Bugies, Dutch, English, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Jordanian Arabic, Kiswahili, Maithili, Nepali, Portuguese, Slovak, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Urdu, Vietnamese and Yoruba.
QoL Concept: The P-Scale is an assessment of social participation, which corresponds to Boxes C (achievements), D (individual expectations and priorities), & E (subjective evaluations and reactions) of Dijker’s Model.
Permissions/Where to Obtain:
**CLICK ON THE LISTED SECONDARY HEALTH CONDITIONS ON THE RIGHT TO READ HOW THE P-SCALE HAS BEEN USED WITH A PARTICULAR CONDITION**
- Van Brakel, WH, Anderson, AM, Mutatkar, RK, Bakirtzief, Z, Nicholls, PG, Raju, MS, Das-Pattanayak, RK. The Participation Scale: Measuring a key concept in public health. Disability and Rehabilitation 2006;28(4):193-203.