Individual Expectations and Priorities
Each person has particular needs, desires, priorities, and standards. Within this conceptualization, quality of life (QoL) may be expressed in terms of the discrepancy between an individual’s actual status and what he/she desires or expects.
Domain Importances: A domain approach to evaluating QoL uses measures that ask for separate judgments of satisfaction, with a number of enumerated life domains (physical health, family relations, job, mental health, etc.), which are then summed into a total score.
Standards and Values: Standards and/or values are internal. The use of importance ratings allows maximum individualization of the domain, which is in line with the notion that QoL as Well-Being should reflect the person’s viewpoint, not that of the investigator or society.